MONDAY 29 July
PLENARY LECTURE (ISoP Honorary Member LECTURE) (by ISoP)
Orator -Tom Fenchel
University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Size, Shape and Function among Protozoa

  1. SYMPOSIUM on ciliate in memory of Denis Lynn (by FEPS & ISoP)
    Chairs
    Pierangelo Luporini, University of Camerino, Camerino, Italy
    Thomas Weisse, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    In recent decades, free-living ciliates have probably attracted more attention than any other group of nonparasitic
    protists. Ciliates were among the first protists to be observed and documented and, doubtless because
    of their rich and varied morphology, have fascinated generations of protistologists ever since. Ciliates are
    ubiquitous and can be found in almost every habitat where there is sufficient water for their survival.
    Consequently they exhibit a high level of biodiversity. They are widely used as model organisms for laboratory
    studies and have formed the basis for a number of Nobel Prize-awarding investigations. Ciliates are also widely
    recognized as reliable bioindicators of environmental quality.
    Prof Denis Lynn was the world’s authority on ciliate taxonomy and evolution, and his passing in 2018 left the
    protistology community overwhelmed with sadness. This symposium, organized in his memory, is intended to be
    of particular interest to young researchers who Denis recognized as science’s greatest investment.
    Invited Speakers
    Alan Warren – Natural History Museum, London, UK. The biology and systematics of peritrich
    ciliates: old and new knowledge
    Rebecca Zufall – University of Houston, Houston, USA. Amitosis and the Evolution of Asexuality
    in Tetrahymena Ciliates
    Sabine Agatha – University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria. The biology and systematics of
    oligotrichean ciliates: new findings and old concepts
    Laura Utz – School of Sciences, PUCRS, Porto Alegre, Brazil. Ciliate diversity and ecological
    interactions in Neotropical environments
  2. SYMPOSIUM From genomics to flagellar and ciliary structures and cytoskeleton
    dynamics (by FEPS)
    Coordinators and Chairs
    Cristina Miceli, University of Camerino, Camerino, Italy
    Helena Soares, University of Lisbon and Polytechnic Institute of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
    Cilia and flagella are widespread in cells and highly conserved throughout evolution. They play important roles in motility,
    sensory perception, and life cycles of eukaryotes in organisms ranging from protists to humans. Despite the ubiquity and
    importance of these organelles, their numerous components and the relation between structure and function are not well
    known. During the last 15 years, the advanced technologies in genomics and proteomics have revealed the association between
    many ciliary components and cilia and flagella diseases. From the beginning of these studies, protists have proven to be
    wonderful models for exploring ciliary structural and functional knowledge. Protists are also models for understanding
    cytoskeleton dynamics: the hippo-signaling pathway, studied for the size control of organs in all animals, has been
    demonstrated to control cell polarity in ciliates and to specify the relative dimension of the anterior and posterior daughter
    cells during division. Symposium speakers will present the most recent advances toward discovering the molecular mechanism
    of ciliary and flagellum motility, studied in Trypanosoma and Tetrahymena, and the molecules that have been shown to be
    connected to human infertility and other diseases. In addition, the molecular signals regulating cell polarity will be shown with
    examples on how ciliates can complement research on human cells.
    Invited Speakers
    Keith Gull (alternate speaker Jack Sunter) – Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK- Genome wide
    tagging in trypanosomes uncovers flagellum asymmetries
    Dorota Wloga – Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology, Warsaw, Poland – Deciphering the molecular
    mechanisms that coordinate ciliary outer doublet complexes – search for “missing links”
    Helena Soares – University of Lisbon and Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon Portugal – Cell polarity and
    cytoskeleton dynamics: how ciliates can complement research in human cells
  3. SYMPOSIUM Protist diversity and function in the dark ocean – challenging the
    paradigms of deep-sea ecology (by FEPS)
    Coordinators and Chairs
    John Dolan, CNRS-Sorbonne University, Villefranche-sur-Mer, France,
    Hartmut Arndt, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    The dark ocean is the largest environment on this planet, covering 54 % of the Earth’s surface. Emerging evidence indicates
    that the dark ocean plays a major role in ocean biogeochemistry and is an “untapped reservoir” of high genetic and metabolic
    microbial diversity. This largest marine subsystem comprises about 80% of the oceanic volume and the greatest part of the
    total biosphere on Earth. Although the local diversity of some deep-sea ecosystems has been documented, very little is known
    about the diversity of taxonomic groups and their functions at greater spatial scales. In fact, a great proportion (> 99%) of the
    deep-sea has never been studied, and most of the studies have focused on specialized environments, such as vent, ridge or seep
    habitats. Very little is known about biological rates and biogeochemical processes in abyssal depths. Due to its large volume,
    the water column of the dark ocean is the largest reservoir of organic carbon in the biosphere. Hence, it likely plays a major
    role in the global carbon budget. It is also home for a largely enigmatic food web with spectacular and still largely unknown
    organisms comprising mainly prokaryotes and protists. Large-scale studies demonstrated a close link between biodiversity
    and ecosystem functioning and estimated that a biodiversity loss of 20—30 % can result in a 50—80 % reduction of key
    processes in deep-sea ecosystems and their “consequent collapse”. The food webs in the deep ocean are generally considered
    to be dependent on the sedimenting particulate organic carbon (POC) flux produced by phytoplankton in the sunlit surface
    waters, being highly sensitive to variations in food supply. Recent discoveries of functional hot spots have contradicted the idea
    that the deep-sea environment is food-poor . It seems that organic matter on the deep-sea floor is channeled via different and
    heretofore mostly unknown trophic levels among protistan nano- and microfauna. There are indications of a special protistan
    deep-sea fauna consisting of specific communities that differ significantly from the fauna of shallow waters. Methodological
    studies have indicated that hydrostatic pressure significantly influences activities of protists. The symposium seeks to shed
    light on the globally important role of protists in the dark ocean by bringing together scientists with interests in deep pelagic
    to deep benthic protistan communities, and by examining issues ranging from the taxonomy and diversity of protists (including
    all protistan size classes) to their physiological properties and their role in deep microbial food webs.
    Invited Speakers
    John Dolan – CNRS-Sorbonne University, Villefranche-sur-mer, France. – Temporal dynamics of
    mesopelagic protist communities
    Andrew J. Gooday – National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, UK (alternate speakers Jan
    Pawlowski -University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland / Michal Kucera – University of Bremen, Bremen,
    Germany) – Deep sea as the realm of foraminiferans.
    Virginia Edgcomb – Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, Woods Hole, USA – New insights to the
    activity of protists in the dark ocean.
    Hartmut Arndt, Alexandra Schoenle and Manon Hohlfeld- University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
  • Superdiverse nanoprotists occupying all niches of deep-sea microbial life.
    TUESDAY 30 JULY
    PLENARY LECTURE (PAST-PRESIDENT LECTURE, by ISoP)
    Orator – David Bass
    Natural History Museum London, London & Cefas, Weymouth, Dorset, UK
    Micro-eukaryotes in animal and plant microbiomes: ecologies of disease?
  1. ISOP ADVANCES Ten years of metabarcoding: what have we learned and how do we
    move forward? (by ISOP)
    Coordinators and Chairs
    Luciana Santoferrara and George McManus,
    University of Connecticut, Storrs, USA.
    During the last decade, high-throughput metabarcoding has become nearly routine to analyze protist diversity and distribution
    in nature. Amid a multitude of exiting findings, scientists have also identified and addressed technical and biological limitations,
    although problems still exist for inference of meaningful phylogenetic and ecological knowledge based on short DNA sequences.
    Given the extensive use of this approach, it is urgent to settle our understanding of its strengths and drawbacks and, more
    importantly, to explore how to move forward methodologically and conceptually. This session will examine the ‘state of the art’
    in protist metabarcoding and new cutting-edge ideas that advance the field. We will address questions such as, how can we
    make metabarcoding more informative and accurate? Are we ready to transition from method validation and field exploration
    to testing ecologically-relevant hypotheses? And, how can we integrate metabarcoding with other technologies to gain insights
    on physiology and functions?
    Invited Speakers
    Luciana Santoferrara – University of Connecticut, Storrs, USA. Strengths and limitations of
    metabarcoding for assessing aquatic protist communities
    Fabien Burki – Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. A novel metabarcoding method using long-read
    sequences for improved taxonomic and phylogenetic resolution of protist communities in soil
    Ramiro Logares – Institute of Marine Sciences, Barcelona, Spain. Hypothesis testing and inference of
    ecological patterns from large marine metabarcoding datasets
    Sabine Filker – University of Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, Germany. Metabarcoding as a basis to
    study halotolerance using ciliate cultures and laboratory experiments
  2. SYMPOSIUM All Roads Lead to Rome: Comparing Molecular and Cellular Paths to
    Eukaryotic Multicellularity (by ISoP)
    Coordinators and Chairs
    Michelle Leger and Sebastián Najie,
    CSIC -University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
    The aim of the proposed symposium is to bring together scientists working on a range of topics relating to the origins of
    multicellularity in a variety of unicellular eukaryotic lineages, to promote the exchange of ideas between them and develop a
    comparative view of the molecular and cellular paths that lead to multicellularity in eukaryotes. It will also foster interchange
    between members of the ISOP community, and researchers working on protists who nevertheless might not generally think of
    themselves as protistologists, or attend ISOP meetings. As a result, we hope that ISOP members will be able to forge new
    contacts, and that researchers who work on the origins of multicellularity will be encouraged to include less well-studied
    eukaryotes in their research.
    Invited Speakers
    Pauline Schaap – University of Dundee, Dundee, UK. Evolution of multicellular development in the
    Dictyostelia from an Amoebozoan stress response
    Alexander Tice – Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, USA. Comparing paths to
    multicellularity in amoeboid protists
    Thibaut Brunet – University of California, Berkeley, USA Choanoflagellates and the origin of animal
    contractile cells
    László Nagy – Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary. Not all follow the same road: fungi
    took a unique evolutionary path to multicellularity
  3. ISOP ADVANCES Applications of Genetic Tools for Advancing Research on Marine
    Protists (by ISoP)
    Coordinators and Chairs
    Virginia Edgcomb, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, Woods Hole, USA,
    Julius Lukes, Czech Academy of Sciences, České Budějovice, Czech Republic
    Recent investment by the Moore Foundation has greatly advanced the development of genetic tools for marine protists. While
    development of tools is ongoing for representativeness of diverse protist lineages, significant advances for particular taxa open
    the possibility for new investigations of genes of unknown function, evolution, and ecological roles of those (and possibly
    closely related) taxa. This symposium will present the latest advances for selected taxa and will provide examples of new lines
    of investigation made possible with these new tools.
    Invited Speakers
    Binnypreet Kaur – Czech Academy of Sciences, České Budějovice, Czech Republic. Diplonema
    papillatum, a representative of the highly diverse and abundant marine microeukaryotes, can be
    genetically manipulated
    Ross Waller – Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK. Transforming Dinozoa: steps forward and steps
    back”.
    Fatma Gomaa – Harvard University, Cambridge, USA and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution,
    Woods Hole, USA. Tools for stable integrative transfection of Bodo saltans: A micro-eukaryote with
    polycistronic peptide coding genes
    Jackie Collier – Stony Brook University, NY, USA. Developing molecular genetic tools for
    thraustochytrids and other labyrinthulomycetes
    Cristina Miceli- University of Camerino, Camerino, Italy. Genome organization in marine ciliates and
    gene manipulation in Euplotes
    Wednesday 31 July
    PLENARY LECTURE (by FEPS)
    Orator – Sergey Skarlato
    Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
    Adaptation Strategies of the Invasive Bloom-Forming Dinoflagellates in Brackish Waters
  4. SYMPOSIUM Free-living amoeba and neglected pathogen protozoa:
    health emergency signals? (by FEPS)
    Coordinators and Chairs
    Maria Cristina Angelici, National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy
    Joel Dacks, University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada.
    Although their opportunistic ability and severe pathogenicity expressed in the human brain are well known, free-living amoeba
    are poorly understood. Human infections by Naegleria fowleri, Achantamoeba sp.and Balamuthia mandrillaris occur rarely, but
    prove fatal. Acanthamoeba sp. is the agent of an ocular surface infection known as amebic keratitis, which especially affects
    contact lens wearers and frequently causes vision impairment. Free-living amoebae are widespread in freshwater ecosystems
    and their presence and community composition is significantly associated with warm water temperature. Their association
    with thermal water and bacterial film, on which they feed, is well known. They colonize human mucosal epithelium in search
    of bacteria to prey upon. An important cofactor of such an invasion is the host’s immunodepression.
    Throughput sequencing, metagenomics and qPCR methods are currently used to explore their occurrence in water and to
    investigate their genome, also in comparison with non-pathogenic species, to better understand the mechanism by which
    pathogenicity is activated Characterization of the genetic variability of the strains and correlation with the degree of virulence
    has proven to be a very helpful approach for identifying pathogenicity in Acanthamoeba species.
    The pathogenic potential of other protozoa species is not yet well understood. Blastocystis hominis is the most prevalent protist
    of the human intestine and its presence, biological role and relationship with bacterial microbioma in the gut are not yet
    understood. In recent years its pathogenicity has been assessed, and is probably due to genomic variants now characterized by
    sequencing. It has been established that Blastocystis is associated with gastrointestinal and systemic disease but can also be an
    asymptomatic colonizer in human populations. Recent findings have shown bacterial microbiota changes associated with this
    protist, but it is not known whether the presence of Blastocystis is the reason for intestinal inflammation. Thus much remains
    to be learned about this intestinal parasite as an infective agent, but a suitable clinical approach has not yet been developed.
    This is also the case for other enteric protozoa whose epidemiology is not yet understood, with the result that that these
    pathogenic agents, such as Dientamoeba fragilis, for example, are clinically neglected. Thus there is need for further
    investigation of the role eukaryotes play within the human microbiome.
    Speakers invited to this Symposium will report on the most recent knowledge gained about these misunderstood pathogen
    protists to generate interest and discussion about biological and clinical aspects.
    Invited Speakers
    Joel Dacks – University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada. A comparative ‘omics approach to pathogenicity
    factor discovery in the Brain-eating amoeba, Naegleria fowleri
    Julia Walochnik – University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. Acanthamoeba as a pathogen?
    Patrick Scheid- Bundeswehr Central Hospital in Koblenz, Koblenz, Germany. “Free living amoebae as
    pathogens and as vectors of endocytobionts”.
    Adriana Calderaro- University of Parma, Parma, Italy. Intestinal protozoa searching for a disease or for
    a doctor?
  5. SYMPOSIUM Host-Parasite Interactions in Vector-borne Protozoan Infections (by FEPS)
    Coordinators and Chairs
    Luigi Gradoni and Marina Gramiccia
    National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy
    Arthropods transmit numerous protozoa that can cause major diseases in humans and animals, such as leishmaniasis, malaria
    and babesiosis, among others. In arthropod hosts, parasites have specific locations in which they develop: flagellate protozoa,
    such as Leishmania, develop exclusively in the digestive tract of phlebotomine sand flies. Apicomplexa protozoa, like
    Plasmodium and Babesia, undergo some development within the digestive tract of anopheline mosquitoes and ticks,
    respectively, before invading the hemocoelic compartment, eventually infecting the salivary glands. During their development
    within the vector, these protozoa undergo major morphological changes, and they must also change their surface molecules
    that enable interactions with specific arthropod tissues essential for their survival, development and subsequent infectivity to
    the vertebrate host. Depending on their life cycle, protozoa must face the invertebrate host’s immune response first in the gut
    and then, if they cross an epithelial barrier, in the hemolymph. In the proposed Symposium, we intend to describe recent
    advances in the understanding of these host-parasite interactions. Presentations will include a short appraisal of the
    epidemiological aspects of the infection or disease, the description of molecules associated with the adherence to and
    detachment from the vector’s gut epithelium and subsequent maturation to infectious stages, and will share information about
    proteases expressed in asexual and sexual stages including their localization in invertebrate and vertebrate hosts. The three
    invited speakers are international leaders in their respective fields, and will report on recent advances in knowledge about
    their favorite protozoa.
    Invited Speakers
    Gad Baneth – Hebrew University, Rehovot, Israel. Advances in Babesia-tick associations
    Paul Bates – Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK. Revising Leishmania’s life cycle in the phlebotomine
    vector.
    Anna Olivieri – National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy. Proteases expressed in sexual and asexual
    stages in Plasmodium
  6. SYMPOSIUM Waterborne infections of protozoan origin: how much do we really know? (by
    FEPS)
    Surface water is a reservoir of different microbiological, mainly enteric, agents that are transmitted to animals and humans
    by the fecal-oral route. Among them, several protozoan species are the agents of severe gastroenteritis, chronic damage and
    high morbidity. They exist all over the world and are difficult to control because of their biological characteristics as
    (oo)cysts/cysts resistant stage, long survival time in water, very thick walls and small size of their cellular body. Moreover,
    they are chlorine resistant and able to escape the filtration networks. Water-transmitted infectious diseases are termed
    Waterborne Diseases and their etiological agents are responsible for outbreaks worldwide. Accidental ingestion of
    contaminated surface water during swimming activities in lakes, rivers, seas, and pools, as well as drinking not drinkable or
    not well-treated water, or eating unwashed vegetables, fruits and food, expose humans to such possible infections. These
    infections are often of a zoonotic nature and the environment is a carrier for them, especially in those countries without
    treated water and with low levels of hygiene. A single environmental contamination can result in the infection of a large
    numbers of intermediate hosts, and lead to an outbreak. Moreover, there are no specific biological indicators of the presence
    of these agents in water because European Directives to ensure the good quality of all water bodies only require testing for
    fecal bacteria, even though it does not have protozoan characteristics. In these situations, without efficient monitoring
    indicators and notification systems, protozoan infections seem underestimated and neglected and the environmental
    transmission risk remains a problem. In this era of globalization and climatic changes, we need a clearer understanding of
    the health risks posed by these environmental infections found throughout the world.
    Invited Speakers to this Symposia are researchers and experts on epidemiology, infection biology and measures for
    controlling environmental exposition risk.
    Coordinators and Chairs
    Maria Cristina Angelici, National Institute of Health,
    Panagiotis Karanis, University of Cologne, Germany
    Invited speakers
    Panagiotis Karanis – University of Cologne, Germany. Waterborne Protozoan Infections: Health
    Problem Dimension Worldwide
    Melissa Palo Ladeiro – University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne, Reims, France. Mollusc Bivalves
    as Indicators of contamination of water bodies by protozoan parasites
    Judit Plutzer – National Public Health Institute, Budapest, Hungary. New directions in parasite
    detection: micro-and macrofluidic platforms
    Maria Cristina Angelici – National Institute for Health, Italy. Waterbone Protozoan Infections in the
    Climatic Changes Era.
    Thursday 01 August
    PLENARY LECTURE (by FEPS)
    Orator – Sergey Fokin
    University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
    Prof. H.-D. Goertz and his contribution to our knowledge on protozoan symbiosis.
  7. SYMPOSIUM Symbiosis in ciliates: H.-D. Görtz and his legacy (by FEPS)
    Coordinators and Chairs
    Giulio Petroni, University of Pisa, Italy
    Martina Schrallhammer, University of Freiburg, Germany
    Ciliates are useful models for studying various aspects of biology, among them symbiosis: they can harbour a plethora of
    organisms covering all domains of life and their interactions range from mutualistic to parasitic. Using ciliate hosts, the
    symbiont’s impact can be studied on the levels of the cell, the organism and the population. Furthermore, ciliate symbioses can
    display fascinating new phenotypes arising from precisely by the mechanism of interaction such as phototropism of hosts of
    Chlorella-like algae or the killer trait of Paramecium.
    While research on ciliate symbionts was traditionally based mainly on various microscopic techniques, the advent of molecular
    biology has expanded the available toolbox. In the last decades, our knowledge regarding the diversity of prokaryotic and
    eukaryotic symbionts of ciliates has grown exponentially and led to new insights into the evolutionary origins and adaptations
    of intracellular life. The combination of molecular and microscopic approaches opens new avenues for exploring the
    interactions between hosts and symbionts. Next generation sequencing techniques facilitate their analysis on genomic and
    transcriptomic level. It saddens us deeply that Hans-Dieter Görtz, prominent member of the symbiosis community and the
    driver of collaborative and interdisciplinary research, has recently passed away. Many of us have been influenced by his studies
    and his way of thinking about science and symbiosis. This symposium intends to bring together symbiosis researchers, friends
    and colleagues. We want to discuss recent achievements and new challenges in the field of ciliate symbiosis and to remember
    the legacy of Hans-Dieter’s work.
    Invited speakers
    Bettina Sonntag – University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria. Life in cooperation: a win-win situation
    for single cells and scientists
    Michele Castelli – University of Milan, Milan, Italy. Comparative genomics of endosymbionts of ciliates
    offers new perspectives on Rickettsiales evolution
    Alexey Potekhin – Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia. Occasional passengers
    or functional consortia? Terra incognita of free-living ciliates microbiomes
    Potential additional speakers (already announced willingness to give a presentation)
    Lisa Siegmund – University of Jena, Germany.
    Lydia Bright – State University of New York, USA.
    Elena Sabaneyeva – Saint Petersburg State University, Russia
    Claudia Vannini – University of Pisa, Italy.
    Maria Rautian – Saint Petersburg State University, Russia.
    Tom Doak – University of Indiana, USA. (to be confirmed)
    Leandro Gammuto- University of Pisa, Italy.
    Martina Schrallhammer – University of Freiburg, Germany
  8. SYMPOSIUM Mixotrophic Planktonic Protists: Living with the “Perfect Beast” (by ISoP)
    Coordinators and Chairs
    Aditee Mitra Swansea and Per Juel Hansen
    University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Most protists labelled as phytoplankton, and at least 50% of those labelled as microzooplankton, are actually mixotrophs. We
    have now mapped the distribution of mixotrophs across global oceans from the poles to the equator and have found these to
    be ubiquitous common organisms during each and every season. This presents marine science with a range of challenges, some
    of which have profound consequences for matters of societal concern (fisheries and allied ecology, including harmful algal
    blooms, and water quality regulation), as well as for teaching and training of marine-facing protistologists. Understanding the
    modes through which protist plankton exhibit mixotrophy, and the competitive advantage that this bestows on the individual
    species presents science with a range of challenges. Those challenges exist at all sectors of our science and society – physiology,
    molecular biology, ecology, laboratory, field, survey, modelling, management and policy – all these require some level of
    reinterpretation in light of this new paradigm. This symposium seeks to bring together experts in different, yet synergistic,
    aspects of this challenge to help develop a roadmap for protist plankton science.
    Invited Speakers
    Diane Stoecker – University-Md-Horn Point Lab, Cambridge, USA. Mixotrophs – HABs and food webs
    George McManus – University of Connecticut, Storrs, USA. Mixotrophs and challenges for experimental
    studies
    Fabrice Not –CNRS-Sorbonne University, Roscoff, France. Mixotrophs and challenges for molecular
    biology/ecology
    Aditee Mitra – Swansea University, Swansea, UK. Mixotrophs and challenges for modelling
  9. SYMPOSIUM Bioactive molecules from protists: perspectives in Biotechnology
    (by FEPS)
    Coordinators and Chairs
    Adriana Vallesi and Sandra Pucciarelli
    University of Camerino, Camerino, Italy
    For hundreds of years, mankind has benefited of the natural metabolic processes of microorganisms (in particular yeasts and
    bacteria) to obtain basic products such as fermented food and alcoholic beverages. More recently, microorganisms have been
    exploited for the production of antibiotics, vitamins and enzymes to be used in medicine and chemical industries.
    Additionally, several modern drugs, including those for cancer therapy, are natural products or their derivatives. Protists are
    a mine of bioactive molecules which are used to face predators and capture prey, communicate within the same species or
    among different species, respond to environmental challenges and mediate interactions between symbiotic organisms.
    Therefore, protists are now emerging as new sources of molecules with potential applications in food, cosmetics, and human
    health, as well as for their use in bioreactors and biosensors. This symposium focuses on bioactive molecules of protists and
    associated bacteria and their potential applications in biotechnology.
    Invited Speakers
    Marina Lotti – University of Milan, Milan, Italy. Title to be submitted
    Angelo Fontana – (ICB) CNR, Naple, Italy. Function and biotechnological research of metabolites from
    marine protists
    Federico Buonanno – University of Macerata, Macerata, Italy. Structural modification of the protozoan
    toxin climacostol for biotechnological applications.
    Friday 02 August
    PLENARY LECTURE (by ISoP)
    Hutner Award Winner 2019 LECTURE
  10. SYMPOSIUM Systematics of amoeboid protists (by FEPS)
    Coordinators and Chairs
    Anush Kosakyan, Czech Academy of Sciences, Czeske Budejóvice, Czech Republic
    Enrique Lara, Council for Scientific Research, Madrid, Spain
    Amoeboid organisms (“amoebae”) are highly abundant and ubiquitous in all ecosystems on Earth. While early classifications
    grouped them all together into the phylum “Sarcodina” 1, they later have been split up several times, with members distributed
    in all the main branches of the tree of eukaryotes. The input of molecular biology into protistology saw the establishment of
    two largely amoeboid clades, Rhizaria and Amoebozoa, while many other previously known amoebae were assigned to almost
    all the eukaryotic supergroups on the basis of phylogeny 2. Contradictions between morphology and genetics challenged old
    classifications, and thus there is a need for a revision of their systematics based on integrative approaches. Recent progress
    from phylogenetics, in addition to the placement of molecularly undocumented forms, started to contribute to the emergence
    of a solid taxonomical framework for amoeboid protists. This is urgently needed, especially in order to interpret data from
    terrestrial systems, as well as marine and freshwater sediments. In this symposium, we propose to discuss the latest advances
    in knowledge about the diversity of amoeboid protists, and their implications on systematics.
    For the symposium, we chose to include one expert for each major amoeboid group and list some of their recent key studies
    for support (see bibliography). While systematics are key to all other fields in biology, it is particularly difficult to obtain a
    permanent positions in systematics. Hence, we have willingly chosen speakers from the young generation of protistologists
    who still work on temporary contracts. All have confirmed their participation.
    Invited Speakers
    Enrique Lara – Council for Scientific Research, Madrid, Spain. Species-level taxonomy in amoeboid
    protists, a solid ground for ecological research.
    Anush Kosakyan – Czech Academy of Sciences, Czeske Budejóvice, Czech Republic. From deep
    evolution of eukaryotes to testate amoebae: challenges and promises.
    Kenneth Dumack -University Cologne, Cologne, Germany. Shedding light on the taxonomy of elusive
    rhizarian taxa illuminates rhizarian evolution and ecology.
    Joaquina García Martín – Council for Scientific Research, Madrid, Spain. Disentangling the taxonomy of
    Physarales (Myxomycetes): an integrated approach using morphology and molecular data
    Alexander Kundryavtsev – Russian Academy of Sciences and University of Saint Petersburg, Saint
    Petersburg, Russia. Current views on the evolutionary relationships in the naked lobose amoebae: do
    morphological traits still matter
    Closing remarks
    & Students Awards